bamboo chamber flute bamboo flutes bansuri basin drum bilma clapsticks bolivian wood flute
bolon border pipes bulbultarang cajon chromatic harmonica circle flute clarinet classical flute
congas curved soprano sax daf darbuka didgeridoo djembe duduk from armenia
indian double chamber flute kaen kalimba mbira kaval kora launeddas melodica mezoued
ocarina organpipes overtone flute panflute recorder santoor saw.u scottish tin whistles
straight soprano sax suling indonesian flutes talking drum tambourine tenor saxophone
udu drum zither
The clarinet is a musical instrument in the woodwind family. The
name derives from adding the suffix -et meaning little to the Italian
word clarino meaning a particular trumpet as the first clarinets
had a strident tone similar to that of a trumpet. The instrument
has an approximately cylindrical bore and uses a single reed
Clarinets actually comprise a family of instruments of differing sizes and pitches. It is the largest such instrument family, with more than two dozen types. Of these many are rare or obsolete, and music written for them is usually played on one of the more common size instruments. The unmodified word clarinet usually refers to the Bb soprano, by far the most common clarinet.
Since approximately 1850 clarinets have been nominally tuned according to 12-tone equal-temperament. Older clarinets were nominally tuned to meantone and a skilled performer can use his or her embouchure to considerably alter the tuning of individual notes.
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